Effects of one-legged high-intensity interval training on insulin-mediated skeletal muscle glucose homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes

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Effects of one-legged high-intensity interval training on insulin-mediated skeletal muscle glucose homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes. / Dela, Flemming; Ingersen, Arthur; Andersen, Nynne Bjerre; Nielsen, Maria Booth; Petersen, Helga Huld Halldórsdóttir; Hansen, Christina Neigaard; Larsen, Steen; Wojtaszewski, Jørgen; Helge, Jørn Wulff.

I: Acta Physiologica (Print), Bind 226, Nr. 2, e13245, 2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Dela, F, Ingersen, A, Andersen, NB, Nielsen, MB, Petersen, HHH, Hansen, CN, Larsen, S, Wojtaszewski, J & Helge, JW 2019, 'Effects of one-legged high-intensity interval training on insulin-mediated skeletal muscle glucose homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes', Acta Physiologica (Print), bind 226, nr. 2, e13245. https://doi.org/10.1111/apha.13245

APA

Dela, F., Ingersen, A., Andersen, N. B., Nielsen, M. B., Petersen, H. H. H., Hansen, C. N., ... Helge, J. W. (2019). Effects of one-legged high-intensity interval training on insulin-mediated skeletal muscle glucose homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes. Acta Physiologica (Print), 226(2), [e13245]. https://doi.org/10.1111/apha.13245

Vancouver

Dela F, Ingersen A, Andersen NB, Nielsen MB, Petersen HHH, Hansen CN o.a. Effects of one-legged high-intensity interval training on insulin-mediated skeletal muscle glucose homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes. Acta Physiologica (Print). 2019;226(2). e13245. https://doi.org/10.1111/apha.13245

Author

Dela, Flemming ; Ingersen, Arthur ; Andersen, Nynne Bjerre ; Nielsen, Maria Booth ; Petersen, Helga Huld Halldórsdóttir ; Hansen, Christina Neigaard ; Larsen, Steen ; Wojtaszewski, Jørgen ; Helge, Jørn Wulff. / Effects of one-legged high-intensity interval training on insulin-mediated skeletal muscle glucose homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes. I: Acta Physiologica (Print). 2019 ; Bind 226, Nr. 2.

Bibtex

@article{957660b41ec942d69b21217fdb59cb56,
title = "Effects of one-legged high-intensity interval training on insulin-mediated skeletal muscle glucose homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes",
abstract = "Aim: To examine the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on glucose clearance rates in skeletal muscle and explore the mechanism within the muscle.Methods: Ten males with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and ten matched healthy subjects performed 2 weeks of one-legged HIIT (total of eight sessions, each comprised of 10 x 1 min ergometer bicycle exercise at > 80{\%} of maximal heart rate, interspersed with one min of rest). Insulin sensitivity was assessed by an isoglycemic, hyperinsulinemic clamp combined with arterio-venous leg balance technique of the trained (T) and the untrained (UT) leg and muscle biopsies of both legs.Results: Insulin stimulated glucose clearance in T legs were ~30{\%} higher compared with UT legs in both groups due to increased blood flow in T vs. UT legs and maintained glucose extraction. With each training session muscle glycogen content decreased only in the training leg and after the training glycogen synthase and citrate synthase activities were higher in T vs. UT legs. No major changes occurred in the expression of proteins in the insulin signaling cascade. Mitochondrial respiratory capacity was similar in T2DM and healthy subjects, and unchanged by HIIT.Conclusion: HIIT improves skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity. With HIIT, the skeletal muscle of patients with T2DM becomes just as insulin sensitive as untrained muscle in healthy subjects. The mechanism include oscillations in muscle glycogen stores and a maintained ability to extract glucose from the blood in the face of increased blood flow in the trained leg.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Diabetes mellitus, Glucose metabolism, Leg balance, Overweight, High-intensity interval training (HIIT)",
author = "Flemming Dela and Arthur Ingersen and Andersen, {Nynne Bjerre} and Nielsen, {Maria Booth} and Petersen, {Helga Huld Halld{\'o}rsd{\'o}ttir} and Hansen, {Christina Neigaard} and Steen Larsen and J{\o}rgen Wojtaszewski and Helge, {J{\o}rn Wulff}",
note = "CURIS 2019 NEXS 067",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1111/apha.13245",
language = "English",
volume = "226",
journal = "Acta Physiologica (Print)",
issn = "1748-1708",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of one-legged high-intensity interval training on insulin-mediated skeletal muscle glucose homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes

AU - Dela, Flemming

AU - Ingersen, Arthur

AU - Andersen, Nynne Bjerre

AU - Nielsen, Maria Booth

AU - Petersen, Helga Huld Halldórsdóttir

AU - Hansen, Christina Neigaard

AU - Larsen, Steen

AU - Wojtaszewski, Jørgen

AU - Helge, Jørn Wulff

N1 - CURIS 2019 NEXS 067

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Aim: To examine the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on glucose clearance rates in skeletal muscle and explore the mechanism within the muscle.Methods: Ten males with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and ten matched healthy subjects performed 2 weeks of one-legged HIIT (total of eight sessions, each comprised of 10 x 1 min ergometer bicycle exercise at > 80% of maximal heart rate, interspersed with one min of rest). Insulin sensitivity was assessed by an isoglycemic, hyperinsulinemic clamp combined with arterio-venous leg balance technique of the trained (T) and the untrained (UT) leg and muscle biopsies of both legs.Results: Insulin stimulated glucose clearance in T legs were ~30% higher compared with UT legs in both groups due to increased blood flow in T vs. UT legs and maintained glucose extraction. With each training session muscle glycogen content decreased only in the training leg and after the training glycogen synthase and citrate synthase activities were higher in T vs. UT legs. No major changes occurred in the expression of proteins in the insulin signaling cascade. Mitochondrial respiratory capacity was similar in T2DM and healthy subjects, and unchanged by HIIT.Conclusion: HIIT improves skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity. With HIIT, the skeletal muscle of patients with T2DM becomes just as insulin sensitive as untrained muscle in healthy subjects. The mechanism include oscillations in muscle glycogen stores and a maintained ability to extract glucose from the blood in the face of increased blood flow in the trained leg.

AB - Aim: To examine the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on glucose clearance rates in skeletal muscle and explore the mechanism within the muscle.Methods: Ten males with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and ten matched healthy subjects performed 2 weeks of one-legged HIIT (total of eight sessions, each comprised of 10 x 1 min ergometer bicycle exercise at > 80% of maximal heart rate, interspersed with one min of rest). Insulin sensitivity was assessed by an isoglycemic, hyperinsulinemic clamp combined with arterio-venous leg balance technique of the trained (T) and the untrained (UT) leg and muscle biopsies of both legs.Results: Insulin stimulated glucose clearance in T legs were ~30% higher compared with UT legs in both groups due to increased blood flow in T vs. UT legs and maintained glucose extraction. With each training session muscle glycogen content decreased only in the training leg and after the training glycogen synthase and citrate synthase activities were higher in T vs. UT legs. No major changes occurred in the expression of proteins in the insulin signaling cascade. Mitochondrial respiratory capacity was similar in T2DM and healthy subjects, and unchanged by HIIT.Conclusion: HIIT improves skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity. With HIIT, the skeletal muscle of patients with T2DM becomes just as insulin sensitive as untrained muscle in healthy subjects. The mechanism include oscillations in muscle glycogen stores and a maintained ability to extract glucose from the blood in the face of increased blood flow in the trained leg.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Diabetes mellitus

KW - Glucose metabolism

KW - Leg balance

KW - Overweight

KW - High-intensity interval training (HIIT)

U2 - 10.1111/apha.13245

DO - 10.1111/apha.13245

M3 - Journal article

VL - 226

JO - Acta Physiologica (Print)

JF - Acta Physiologica (Print)

SN - 1748-1708

IS - 2

M1 - e13245

ER -

ID: 210788605