Delayed addition of nitrogen-rich substrates during composting of municipal waste: effects on nitrogen loss, greenhouse gas emissions and compost stability

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Standard

Delayed addition of nitrogen-rich substrates during composting of municipal waste : effects on nitrogen loss, greenhouse gas emissions and compost stability. / Nigatu, Abebe Nigussie; Bruun, Sander; Kuyper, Thomas W.; de Neergaard, Andreas.

I: Chemosphere, Bind 166, 2017, s. 352-362.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Nigatu, AN, Bruun, S, Kuyper, TW & de Neergaard, A 2017, 'Delayed addition of nitrogen-rich substrates during composting of municipal waste: effects on nitrogen loss, greenhouse gas emissions and compost stability', Chemosphere, bind 166, s. 352-362. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.09.123

APA

Nigatu, A. N., Bruun, S., Kuyper, T. W., & de Neergaard, A. (2017). Delayed addition of nitrogen-rich substrates during composting of municipal waste: effects on nitrogen loss, greenhouse gas emissions and compost stability. Chemosphere, 166, 352-362. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.09.123

Vancouver

Nigatu AN, Bruun S, Kuyper TW, de Neergaard A. Delayed addition of nitrogen-rich substrates during composting of municipal waste: effects on nitrogen loss, greenhouse gas emissions and compost stability. Chemosphere. 2017;166:352-362. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.09.123

Author

Nigatu, Abebe Nigussie ; Bruun, Sander ; Kuyper, Thomas W. ; de Neergaard, Andreas. / Delayed addition of nitrogen-rich substrates during composting of municipal waste : effects on nitrogen loss, greenhouse gas emissions and compost stability. I: Chemosphere. 2017 ; Bind 166. s. 352-362.

Bibtex

@article{659bdefa5a9b4463959fac8315815876,
title = "Delayed addition of nitrogen-rich substrates during composting of municipal waste: effects on nitrogen loss, greenhouse gas emissions and compost stability",
abstract = "Municipal waste is usually composted with an N-rich substrate, such as manure, to increase the N content of the product. This means that a significant amount of nitrogen can be lost during composting. The objectives of this study were (i) to investigate the effect of split addition of a nitrogen-rich substrate (poultry manure) on nitrogen losses and greenhouse gas emissions during composting and to link this effect to different bulking agents (coffee husks and sawdust), and (ii) to assess the effect of split addition of a nitrogen-rich substrate on compost stability and sanitisation. The results showed that split addition of the nitrogen-rich substrate reduced nitrogen losses by 9{\%} when sawdust was used and 20{\%} when coffee husks were used as the bulking agent. Depending on the bulking agent used, split addition increased cumulative N2O emissions by 400-600{\%} compared to single addition. In contrast, single addition increased methane emissions by up to 50{\%} compared to split addition of the substrate. Hence, the timing of the addition of the N-rich substrate had only a marginal effect on total non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions. Split addition of the N-rich substrate resulted in compost that was just as stable and effective at completely eradicating weed seeds as single addition. These findings therefore show that split addition of a nitrogen-rich substrate could be an option for increasing the fertilising value of municipal waste compost without having a significant effect on total greenhouse gas emissions or compost stability.",
author = "Nigatu, {Abebe Nigussie} and Sander Bruun and Kuyper, {Thomas W.} and {de Neergaard}, Andreas",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.09.123",
language = "English",
volume = "166",
pages = "352--362",
journal = "Chemosphere",
issn = "0045-6535",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Delayed addition of nitrogen-rich substrates during composting of municipal waste

T2 - effects on nitrogen loss, greenhouse gas emissions and compost stability

AU - Nigatu, Abebe Nigussie

AU - Bruun, Sander

AU - Kuyper, Thomas W.

AU - de Neergaard, Andreas

N1 - Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Municipal waste is usually composted with an N-rich substrate, such as manure, to increase the N content of the product. This means that a significant amount of nitrogen can be lost during composting. The objectives of this study were (i) to investigate the effect of split addition of a nitrogen-rich substrate (poultry manure) on nitrogen losses and greenhouse gas emissions during composting and to link this effect to different bulking agents (coffee husks and sawdust), and (ii) to assess the effect of split addition of a nitrogen-rich substrate on compost stability and sanitisation. The results showed that split addition of the nitrogen-rich substrate reduced nitrogen losses by 9% when sawdust was used and 20% when coffee husks were used as the bulking agent. Depending on the bulking agent used, split addition increased cumulative N2O emissions by 400-600% compared to single addition. In contrast, single addition increased methane emissions by up to 50% compared to split addition of the substrate. Hence, the timing of the addition of the N-rich substrate had only a marginal effect on total non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions. Split addition of the N-rich substrate resulted in compost that was just as stable and effective at completely eradicating weed seeds as single addition. These findings therefore show that split addition of a nitrogen-rich substrate could be an option for increasing the fertilising value of municipal waste compost without having a significant effect on total greenhouse gas emissions or compost stability.

AB - Municipal waste is usually composted with an N-rich substrate, such as manure, to increase the N content of the product. This means that a significant amount of nitrogen can be lost during composting. The objectives of this study were (i) to investigate the effect of split addition of a nitrogen-rich substrate (poultry manure) on nitrogen losses and greenhouse gas emissions during composting and to link this effect to different bulking agents (coffee husks and sawdust), and (ii) to assess the effect of split addition of a nitrogen-rich substrate on compost stability and sanitisation. The results showed that split addition of the nitrogen-rich substrate reduced nitrogen losses by 9% when sawdust was used and 20% when coffee husks were used as the bulking agent. Depending on the bulking agent used, split addition increased cumulative N2O emissions by 400-600% compared to single addition. In contrast, single addition increased methane emissions by up to 50% compared to split addition of the substrate. Hence, the timing of the addition of the N-rich substrate had only a marginal effect on total non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions. Split addition of the N-rich substrate resulted in compost that was just as stable and effective at completely eradicating weed seeds as single addition. These findings therefore show that split addition of a nitrogen-rich substrate could be an option for increasing the fertilising value of municipal waste compost without having a significant effect on total greenhouse gas emissions or compost stability.

U2 - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.09.123

DO - 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.09.123

M3 - Journal article

VL - 166

SP - 352

EP - 362

JO - Chemosphere

JF - Chemosphere

SN - 0045-6535

ER -

ID: 168883280