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Collaborative interplay between FGF-2 and VEGF-C promotes lymphangiogenesis and metastasis

Publikation: Forskning - peer reviewTidsskriftartikel

Renhai Cao, Hong Ji, Ninghan Feng, Yin Zhang, Xiaojuan Yang, Patrik Andersson, Yuping Sun, Katerina Tritsaris, Anker Jon Hansen, Steen Dissing, Yihai Cao

Interplay between various lymphangiogenic factors in promoting lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis remains poorly understood. Here we show that FGF-2 and VEGF-C, two lymphangiogenic factors, collaboratively promote angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment, leading to widespread pulmonary and lymph-node metastases. Coimplantation of dual factors in the mouse cornea resulted in additive angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. At the molecular level, we showed that FGFR-1 expressed in lymphatic endothelial cells is a crucial receptor that mediates the FGF-2-induced lymphangiogenesis. Intriguingly, the VEGFR-3-mediated signaling was required for the lymphatic tip cell formation in both FGF-2- and VEGF-C-induced lymphangiogenesis. Consequently, a VEGFR-3-specific neutralizing antibody markedly inhibited FGF-2-induced lymphangiogenesis. Thus, the VEGFR-3-induced lymphatic endothelial cell tip cell formation is a prerequisite for FGF-2-stimulated lymphangiogenesis. In the tumor microenvironment, the reciprocal interplay between FGF-2 and VEGF-C collaboratively stimulated tumor growth, angiogenesis, intratumoral lymphangiogenesis, and metastasis. Thus, intervention and targeting of the FGF-2- and VEGF-C-induced angiogenic and lymphangiogenic synergism could be potentially important approaches for cancer therapy and prevention of metastasis.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNational Academy of Sciences. Proceedings
Vol/bind109
Tidsskriftsnummer39
Sider (fra-til)15894-9
Antal sider6
ISSN0027-8424
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2012

ID: 40841112