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The association between malaria parasitaemia, erythrocyte polymorphisms, malnutrition and anaemia in children less than 10 years in Senegal: a case control study

Publikation: Forskning - peer reviewTidsskriftartikel

Roger C K Tine, Magatte Ndiaye, Helle Holm Hansson, Cheikh T Ndour, Babacar Faye, Michael Alifrangis, K Sylla, Jean L Ndiaye, Pascal Magnussen, Ib C Bygbjerg, Oumar Gaye

BACKGROUND:Malaria and anaemia (Haemoglobin= 11 g/dl. For each participant, a physical examination was done and anthropometric data collected prior to a biological assessment which included: malaria parasitaemia infection, intestinal worm carriage, G6PD deficiency, sickle cell disorders, and alpha-talassaemia.RESULTS:Three hundred and fifty two children 5 years (aOR=0.03, 95%CI0.01-0.08]). Stratified by age group, anaemia was significantly associated with stunting in children less than 5 years (aOR=3.1 95%CI1.4 -- 6.8]), with, sickle cell disorders (aOR=3.5 95%CI 1.4 -- 9.0]), alpha-thalassemia (or=2.4 95%CI1.1--5.3]) and stunting (aOR=3.6 95%CI 1.6--8.2]) for children above 5 years. No association was found between G6PD deficiency, intestinal worm carriage and children's gender.CONCLUSION:Malaria parasitaemia, stunting and haemoglobin genetic disorders represented the major causes of anaemia among study participants. Anaemia control in this area could be achieved by developing integrated interventions targeting both malaria and malnutrition.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftB M C Research Notes
Vol/bind5
Tidsskriftsnummer1
Sider (fra-til)565
Antal sider1
ISSN1756-0500
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012

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